Archive for July, 2009

Top Five Deadlist Diseases of the world

1 Lower respiratory infections

The deadliest disease in the modern world are a host of lower respiratory infections.

What are they?: Lower respiratory infections include pneumonia and other sickness of the lungs, bronchial tubes or windpipe. It’s hard to believe but it’s true—lower respiratory infections far outnumber the death toll for AIDS and malaria worldwide. Surprised?

Death rate: More than 4 million deaths every year.

In all, these diseases account for nearly half or more than half of fatalities worldwide every year. Scientists are working very hard to research the illnesses and develop new vaccines. Until cures are found for all, prevention is the best way to go. Diseases like this can change your life forever.

2. HIV/AIDS

The 2nd deadliest disease in the modern world is HIV/AIDS.

Infection rate: Roughly 39.4 million people are living with AIDS.

What is it?: This disease needs no introduction. The HIV, or human immunodeficiency virus, does nothing more than erode a person’s immune system, rendering the patient susceptible to other infections. AIDS, or acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, usually follows through within 8 to 15 years unless the patient receives treatment. Oftentimes, the patient dies of TB or pneumonia following the AIDS infection.

Death rate: Some 3 million deaths in 2004

3. Malaria

The 3rd deadliest disease in the world is the infamous malaria.

Infection rate: 300 to 515 million people diagnosed cases every year, a huge portion of whom are in Africa.

What is it?: Malaria is transmitted by the deadliest animal in the world known to man: the female anopheles mosquito. In fact, malaria isn’t even transferable through physical contact, but still it accounts for millions of deaths worldwide every year. If that isn’t deadly enough for you, I don’t know what is. Statistics reveal that every 30 seconds an African child dies from malaria. Damn mosquitoes!

Death rate: 1 to 5 million deaths every year.

4. Diarrhea

The 4th deadliest disease in the modern world is diarrhea.

Infection rate: 4 billion diagnosed cases every year.

What is it?: What is diarrhea? Have you ever had acute stomach pains accompanied
with the urge to use the toilet more often than usual? Then you have experienced diarrhea. Often diarrhea is caused by cholera, dysentery, and a host of other bacterial infections like microscopic worms. Diarrhea is easily cured if treated early. Most diarrhea-related deaths, particularly in children, are associated with extreme dehydration.

Death rate: Roughly 2.2 million deaths every year

5. Tuberculosis

The 5th deadliest disease in the modern world is tuberculosis.

Infection rate: 2 billion people are diagnosed with TB every year.

What is it?: Fact: TB kills millions of people every year. Fact: 1/3 of the world’s population is infected. But even with all these facts, new TB cases are still being diagnoses year after year. It’s as if people don’t really care anymore about
contracting the disease. Symptoms of TB include chills, fever, chronic cough, weakness, and weight loss. It is highly contagious, and can be spread through sneezing and coughing. It is no doubt one of the deadliest diseases in the world in terms of death rate.

Death rate: 2 million deaths every year.

Invention of vedio games

As the Head of the Instrumentation Division at Brookhaven National Laboratory, Willy Higinbotham, invented the world’s first video game to entertain visitors to the Brookhaven National Laboratory. He is said to have expressed regret that he would more likely be famous for his invention of a game than for his work on nuclear non-proliferation

Invention: Tennis for Two Video Game in 1958

Function: noun / precursor to Pong

Definition: Believed to be the world’s first computer video game. It was created
on an oscilloscope to entertain visitors during visitor days at the
Brookhaven National Laboratory.

Patent: Never patented. Developed while a government employee.

Inventor: William Alfred Higinbotham a.k.a. Willy Higinbotham

Criteria: First to invent.

Birth: October 25, 1910

Death: November 10, 1994

Nationality: American

Milestones: 1958 William Higinbotham invents a “Tennis” computer game-type at
the Brookhaven National Labs
1968 Ralph Baer has a working prototype of the “Brown Box” finished
1971 Baer files patent application on March 22 for TV Gaming Apparatus
1972 Magnavox licensed the Brown Box and markets it under the
name Magnavox Odyssey
1972 Nolan Bushnell invents Pong game for arcades
1974 Atari, Bushnell’s company, introduces the home version of Pong
through Sears retail stores
1975 Nintendo’s first venture in gaming was as the distributor of the
Magnavox Odyssey in Japan

History of Football

Derived from the English game of rugby, American football was started in 1879 with rules instituted by Walter Camp, player and coach at Yale University.

Walter Camp

Walter CampWalter Camp was born April 17, 1859, in New Haven, Connecticut. He attended Yale from 1876 to 1882, where he studied medicine and business. Walter Camp was an author, athletic director, chairman of the board of the New Haven Clock Company, and director of the Peck Brothers Company. He was general athletic director and head advisory football coach at Yale University from 1888-1914, and chairman of the Yale football committee from 1888-1912. Camp played football at Yale and helped evolve the rules of the game away from Rugby and Soccer rules into the rules of American Football as we know them today.

One precursor to Walter Camp’s influence was William Ebb Ellis, a student at the Rugby School in England. In 1823, Ellis was the first person noted for picking up the ball during the soccer game and running with it, thereby breaking and changing the rules. In 1876, at the Massosoit convention, the the first attempts at writing down the rules of American football were made. Walter Camp edited every American Football rulebook until his death in 1925.

Walter Camp contibuted the following changes from Rugby and Soccer to American football:
one side retained undisputed possession of the ball, until that side gives up the ball as a result of its own violations
the line of scrimmage
11 on a team instead of 15
created the quarter-back and center positions
forward pass
standardized the scoring system, numerical scoring
created the safety, interference, penalties, and the neutral zone
tackling as low as the knee was permitted – 1888
a touchdown increased in value to six points and field goals went down to three points – 1912

The NFL or the National Football League, was formed in 1920.